“With Malice Toward None...” Details
“With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations."
President Abraham Lincoln, 2nd Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865
White House architect James Hoban’s slave payroll. (reproduction) “The payroll to slave owners shows that the government did not own slaves, but that it did hire them from their masters. Slave carpenters Ben, Daniel, and Peter were owned by Hoban.” White House Historical Association
Derringer Pistol Susan Bercu, ink, diorama detail
Hooded Klansman & Shotgun
The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) didn’t exist until after the Civil War, originating in 1865 in Tennessee. They used violence to target newly emancipated slaves. Since the 2016 election, they have broadened their scope beyond Black Americans to include Jews, immigrants, homosexuals, and Catholics.
Susan Bercu, Ink wash from photo